Special Doubles
After Overcall:Penalty
Negative: thru
Responsive: thru Maximal
Support Dbl: thru Rebid
Card showing Min. Offshape T/O
Simple Overcall
1 level to HCP (usually)
often 4 cards very light style

Responses
New suit: Forcing NFConst NF
Jump Raise: Forcing Inv Weak
Jump Overcall
Strong Intermediate Weak
Opening Preempts
Sound
Light
Very Light
3/4 bids
Conv/Resp.
Direct Cuebid
OVER
Minor
Major
Natural
Strong T/O
Michaels
 
Conv/Resp.
Notrump Overcalls
Direct to Systems on
Conv
Balancing to
Jump to 2NT: Minors: 2 Lowest
Conv
Defense vs Notrump
VS
2♣
2♦
2♥
2♠
Double
Other
Over Opponents T/O Double
New Suit Forcing: 1 level 2 level
Jump Shift: Forcing Inv Weak
Redouble implies no fit:
2NT Over
Limit+
Limit
Weak
Majors
Minors
Other
vs Opening Preempts Double Is
Takeout thru Penalty
Conv. Takeout:
Lebensohl 2NT Responsive:
Other:
Slam Conventions   Gerber     4NT:   Blackwood   RKC   1430
vs Interference   DOPI   DEPO Level:    ROPI
Leads
versus Suits
X z
x x X
a k x
K q x
Q j x
J t 9
K q t 9
x x x X
x x x X x
T 9 x
k J t x
k T 9 x
q T 9 x
versus Notrump
X z
X x x
a K j x
a J t 9
K q j x
Q j t x
J t 9 x
X x x x
x x x X x
a Q j x
a T 9 x
k Q t 9
q T 9 x
T 9 x x

Length Leads
4th Best
vs Suits
vs NT
3rd / 5th Best
vs Suits
vs NT
attitude 
vs NT

Primary signal to partner's leads
AttitudeCountSuit preference
Defensive Carding
vs SUITS
vs NT
Standard
Except



Upside Down
count
attitude



FIRST DISCARD
Lavinthal
Odd / Even



OTHER CARDING
Smith Echo
Trump Suit Pref
Foster Echo
SPECIAL CARDING     PLEASE ASK
Names 
General Approach
Two Over One:Game ForcingGame Forcing except when Suit Rebid
VERY LIGHT: Openings3rd HandOvercallsPreempts
FORCING OPENING:1♣ 2♣ Natural 2 BidsOther
Notrump Opening Bids
1NT
to
to
5-card Major common
Systems on over
2♣ Stayman Puppet
2♦ Transfer to ♥
  Forcing Stayman
2♥ Transfer to ♠
2♠
2NT
3♣
3♦
3♥
3♠
 
4♦, 4♥ Transfer
Smolen
Lebensohl( denies)
Neg. Double
Other
2NT to
Puppet Stayman
Transfer Response
Jacoby Texas
3♠
 

3NT to

Conventional NT Openings
Major Opening
Expected Min Length
4
5
1st / 2nd
3rd / 4th
Responses
Double Raise:Force Inv Weak
After Overcall:Force Inv Weak
Conv Raise:2NT 3NT Splinter
Other:
1NT:ForcingSemi-forcing
2NT:ForceInvto
3NT:to
Drury:Reverse2-WayFit
Other:
Minor Opening
Expected Min Length
4
3
0-2
Conv
1♣
1♦
Responses
Double Raise:ForceInvWeak
After Overcall:ForceInvWeak
Forcing Raise:J/S in other minor
Single raiseOther
Frequently bypass 4+♦
1NT/1♣:to
2NT:ForcingInvto
3NT:to
Other:
Describe Openings
Responses/Rebids
2♣ to HCP
Strong Other
2♦ Resp: Neg Waiting



2♦ to HCP
Natural: Weak Intermediate Strong Conv

2NT Force New Suit NF


2♥ to HCP
Natural: Weak Intermediate Strong Conv

2NT Force New Suit NF


2♠ to HCP
Natural: Weak Intermediate Strong Conv

2NT Force New Suit NF


OTHER CONV CALLS New Minor Forcing 2-Way NMF
Weak Jump Shifts:In CompNot in Comp
4th Suit Forcing: 1Rd Game